On at the present time in 1890, inside the very last bankruptcy of America’s long Indian wars, the U.S. Cavalry kills 146 Sioux at Wounded Knee at the Pine Ridge reservation in South Dakota.
Throughout 1890, the U.S. Government worried approximately the increasing influence at Pine Ridge of the Ghost Dance religious motion, which taught that Indians have been defeated and restricted to reservations because that they had angered the gods by using forsaking their traditional customs. Many Sioux believed that if they practiced the Ghost Dance and rejected the methods of the white man, the gods would create the sector anew and wreck all non-believers, consisting of non-Indians. On December 15, 1890, reservation police tried to arrest Sitting Bull, the well-known Sioux chief, who they mistakenly believed become a Ghost Dancer, and killed him within the process, growing the tensions at Pine Ridge.
On December 29, the U.S. Army’s seventh cavalry surrounded a band of Ghost Dancers underneath the Sioux Chief Big Foot close to Wounded Knee Creek and demanded they give up their guns. As that changed into taking place, a combat broke out among an Indian and a U.S. Soldier and a shot changed into fired, even though it’s uncertain from which facet. A brutal massacre followed, in which it’s envisioned almost one hundred fifty Indians were killed (a few historians positioned this wide variety at twice as high), nearly half of them ladies and kids. The cavalry misplaced 25 guys.
The battle at Wounded Knee become at first known as a war, however in reality it became a tragic and avoidable bloodbath. Surrounded by using closely armed troops, it’s not likely that Big Foot’s band might have deliberately began a fight. Some historians speculate that the infantrymen of the seventh Cavalry were deliberately taking revenge for the regiment’s defeat at Little Bighorn in 1876. Whatever the reasons, the bloodbath ended the Ghost Dance movement and was the ultimate foremost confrontation in America’s lethal warfare against the Plains Indians.
Conflict came to Wounded Knee again in February 1973 when it was the website online of a 71-day career by the activist group AIM (American Indian Movement) and its supporters, who were protesting the U.S. Authorities’s mistreatment of Native Americans. During the standoff, two Indians have been killed, one federal marshal become significantly wounded and severa people had been arrested.
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